Qgis Xyz Tiles

We can do it with the following steps: 1. The second way to add basemaps in QGIS is to use XYZ Tiles by connecting to a tile service. Copy and paste one of the TMS listed above into the URL. Openlayers basemaps. Ada fungsionalitas inti penyedia XYZ Tile Server yang diimplementasikan dengan beberapa peningkatan UX bagus lainnya untuk layanan ubin (tersedia sejak QGIS 2. There are many methods to create tiles from GIS datasets. Hi Felix, thanks a lot for your awesome work, I used your Google Terrain XML for some QGIS work a year ago – but returning to my old file, it seems that the XML does not work properly (with QGIS 2. There is however an alternative: you can directly add XYZ Tile Layers to your QGIS map document. Requirements. Just edited my question further. Enter the URL of the service which you would like to use. 2 I add, through the XYZ Tiles tab in the browser, this U. olivier wrote > Awesome that will perfectly do until 3. To add a basemap, use the following method: From the Browser pane on the left side of the screen, right-click on XYZ Tiles and select New Connection Type in the name of the map and enter its URL. org's map tiles, see Servers/tile. Expand this item to see the different map tile services you have added using QuickMapServices. 08:41 AM Revision 5e4ea733 (qgis): Merge pull request #9857 from marcel-dancak/tiles_xyz New Processing Algorithm to generate raster XYZ tiles Martin Dobias 08:02 AM Revision 4773c042 (qgis): Indentation. 1 and developed for QGIS 3. 8 and above, you do not need this plugin. 0 ----- * Symbology : Color picker is now embedded in layer style panel * Labelling : Improved line label placement algorithm * Labelling : Substitution list support for labeling * Labelling : Label polygons using curved labels along perimeter * Rendering : Preview of raster tiles (WMTS and XYZ layers) * Rendering : Cancellable rendering of rasters (WMS, WMTS, WCS and. QGIS, for example, has its own providers and 3rd-party plugins to access those services. Use this map to find a tileset. Open in browser: opens your browser at the same page, which may be more comfortable to browse the documentation. org's map tiles, see Servers/tile. The New XYZ tile layer dialog box appears. x (OpenStreetMap, Google, Bing, ) usando i Tiles XYZ (Quantum GIS), il client GIS gratuito con una marcia in più. 参考: QGIS#002 背景地図の表示 「OpenLayers Plugin」 なにか方法がないかと探してみると,XYZTilesで追加する方法がありました. この方法について紹介します. 2. 0 even better for the user. 1 and developed for QGIS 3. This connector is similar to the existing backends like CloudMade, Microsoft, OSM, etc. QGIS Aerial Imagery. Activate the browser panel. But since the eagerly awaited launch of QGIS 3. 209 688 — Na Zábradlí Theater – visual identity. Click the Run script button on the Python Editor to execute the script. Click View > Panels > Browser Panel 3. 107 Visionnages 4 ans. To download QGIS 2. Using XYZ Tile services ¶ XYZ Tile services can be found in the XYZ Tiles top level entry in the Browser. qgisでタイルを読み込むにはブラウザパネルのxyz tilesを右クリックして「新しい接続」を選択します。 そうするとxyz接続というポップアップが立ち上がるので、「url」にタイルのurl(※)、「名前」にわかりやすい名称を記載し「ok」をクリックします。. qgisで使う場合 おしらせ QGIS2. QGIS, for example, has its own providers and 3rd-party plugins to access those services. Harvard CGA QGIS 2. py made by Cayle Sharrock Default XYZ system is d[2] (zoom level), then d[0] (column), then d[1] (line), which gives : where d[2]. 1 ALGEMEEN Een XYZ-tegelservice (TMS) biedt tegels op basis van een URL-sjabloon. Start up QGIS. QGIS’e Altlık Harita (XYZ Tile) Ekleme Bağlantıları 3 Nisan 2020 13 Nisan 2020 tarihinde Onur Sefer Özbalaban tarafından yayınlandı QGIS ile hazırladığımız harika haritaları daha anlaşılır kılabilmek için kullandığımız verilerin tam olarak nerede olduklarını veya nasıl bir coğrafyada yer aldığını göstermek isteriz. Ada fungsionalitas inti penyedia XYZ Tile Server yang diimplementasikan dengan beberapa peningkatan UX bagus lainnya untuk layanan ubin (tersedia sejak QGIS 2. QGIS users can easily and quickly publish their work and analysis in vectorized format to the XYZ platform. 일단 난 시스템 로케일을 영어로 설정해놔서 영어로 뜸. By default, the OpenStreetMap XYZ Tile service is configured. 08:41 AM Revision 5e4ea733 (qgis): Merge pull request #9857 from marcel-dancak/tiles_xyz New Processing Algorithm to generate raster XYZ tiles Martin Dobias 08:02 AM Revision 4773c042 (qgis): Indentation. 0) and ensure your browser window is open. Feature: Generate raster XYZ tiles ¶ We’ve added a brand-new algorithm to generate raster “XYZ” tiles using the current QGIS project. Once you open a project in QGIS, in the Browser window to the left, scroll down to XYZ Tiles. 在QGIS的浏览中,选择 XYZ Tiles 右键单击,选择 “新建连接” 输入名字和连接,点击OK完成添加,下面是几个常用的googel的连接 Google Maps, https://mt1. In the QuickMapServices Settings window, go to the More Services tab >> Click Get Contributed Pack to get more basemaps. For example, at zoom level 2, when the earth is divided up into 16 tiles, each tile can be referenced by a unique x,y pair: Note that by. Open QGIS 2. This is exciting because Fulcrum users can now create raster MBTile files to use within Fulcrum without needing to install any additional plugins. Copy and paste one of the TMS listed above into the URL. 10 version, I had face issues with…. x (OpenStreetMap, Google, Bing, ) usando i Tiles XYZ (Quantum GIS), il client GIS gratuito con una marcia in più. To add connections to XYZ layers, just open browser dock widget, look for item called “Tile Server (XYZ)” and right click it to get a popup menu with “New connection” action. The QGIS OpenStreetMap Plugin is a plugin for the desktop GIS application QGIS. Tile Matrix A tile matrix is a collection of tiles for a fixed scale. This means, that there is no need for an external plugin although for an easy setup you can still use external plugins (see bottom of this post) and it offers various improvements over. Hi Felix, thanks a lot for your awesome work, I used your Google Terrain XML for some QGIS work a year ago – but returning to my old file, it seems that the XML does not work properly (with QGIS 2. QGIS and ArcGIS Pro DEM Comparisons. But in QGIS 3, the plugin no longer works. And QGIS and GRASS GIS at least both offer front-ends for the GDAL functions mentioned below. In addition, parameters such as tile size and image formats are locked to whatever's globally defined in serverconfig. The developer still didn’t update it for QGIS 3. I have reinstalled, I have delete. Enter the name, for example: G Satellite. 0 even better for the user. The functionality is available from core processing toolbox. QGIS Aerial Imagery. Example URLs are listed at he bottom of this page. Add XYZ (or ZXY) tile layers into QGIS. Now click on a New Connection, right-click on XYZ Tiles. XYZ Hub Connector is a QGIS plugin that allows users to connect and to update data directly into HERE XYZ Hub. 1 and developed for QGIS 3. Aerial imagery can be added using core XYZ Tile Server functionality (implemented in 2018): Locate the Tile Server entry in the browser and right click it to add a new service. Why move away from GDAL implementation? Here are the advantages of the approach through WMS provider: - correctly scaling tiles on high dpi display - better look when not zoomed to the native resolution of the tiles. So I’m back to adding WMS layers manually. 1 安装 XYZ Tiles. This connector is similar to the existing backends like CloudMade, Microsoft, OSM, etc. The Google Maps layers are really Tile Map Services (TMS). openstreetmap. How to map the photo location of Flickr using python and QGIS. In this tutorial, you will learn how to create PNG tiles from any set of layers loaded in QGIS and create a basemap to be used in a web mapping project. – The Bassman Aug 17 '15 at 13:59 |. Second,then i can add it to my application(arcmap or arcgis pro), I have to do two steps ,it's troublesome。 Third ,I don't think wmts in arcgis is very good,when I add the service to arcgis10. In the Browser Panel, Right Click Tile Server (XYZ) and select New Connection. The tiles available for download are in Tif format. Afortunadamente, gracias al plugin QuickMapServices, tenemos un lugar fácil de buscar: el origen de este complemento. This is a list of online raster tile servers based on OpenStreetMap data. QGIS users can easily and quickly publish their work and analysis in vectorized format to the XYZ platform. 0xに一発でたくさん登録できてた件. Recent Posts. QGIS is not perfect but I believe that what it does, it does very well. The second way to add basemaps in QGIS is to use XYZ Tiles by connecting to a tile service. Feature: Generate raster XYZ tiles ¶ We’ve added a brand-new algorithm to generate raster “XYZ” tiles using the current QGIS project. Activate the browser panel. Tidak diperlukan plugin. [1710] Tiles XYZ [430] Tile Cover [400] TileLayer Plugin [230] Tile Index Viewer [291] Tile Map Scale Plugin [521] TileCache Creator [2087] Layer tiles mapcanvas [1230] Vector Tiles Reader [1763] Lidar Tile Maker [1999] Lock Zoom to Tile Scale [255] QTiles [917] QOSM [719] gridSplitter [2081] MapTiler [1379] SRTM-Downloader [311] GeopapaTile. Example URLs are listed at he bottom of this page. What my client wants to happen is that given a particular xyz tile coordinate, I would display it using openlayers which that coordinate should be the value of the ol. You will see the xyz tile option about three-quarters the way down the list. The more we zoom in, the more tiles we get. Javascript tile map tutorial. 1 安装 XYZ Tiles. The tiles available for download are in Tif format. everyoneloves__top-leaderboard:empty,. 8 there was new feature to generate raster XYZ layers. See full list on github. You can use these tiles with any web-mapping library that supports XYZ tiling schemes and overlay other layers on top. The XYZ source accepts a tilePixelRatio option. This is an attempt to create a working map tile server based on QGIS map renderer for use in web maps. Creating Basemaps with QTiles¶. org's map tiles, see Servers/tile. From the Browser panel, expand the XYZ tiles and double-click on OpenStreetMap. < QGISでの表示方法 > (QGIS本P92を参考にしてください) ブラウザパネルのXYZ Tilesを右クリックして、「新しい接続」を. จากนั้นคลิกขวาที่ XYZ Tiles > New Connection… 3. Values normally refer to the tile number form an origin point. But alas, that worked in QGIS 3. The two … Continue reading "Adding web basemaps in QGIS 2. Olivier, could you elaborate just a bit on how to do this in 2. To add Tile service in QGIS 3 simply, go to XYZ Tiles in the Browser panel. Openlayers basemaps. Ini berarti, bahwa tidak perlu untuk plugin eksternal walaupun untuk pengaturan yang mudah Anda masih dapat menggunakan plugin eksternal (lihat bagian bawah posting ini) dan menawarkan berbagai perbaikan. Return to help index: returns to the home page of the online help in case you got lost. The QGIS OpenStreetMap Plugin is a plugin for the desktop GIS application QGIS. Sejak QGIS versi 2. Simply tile it up and put on your server and add the address for a new XYZ tile layer (you can tile any image/raster this way). Add XYZ Tiles in QGIS 3. 04 Saber Razmjooei 05:19 PM Bug report #21958: Problem outputting xyz tiles as MBTiles file looks more like sqlite issue, which version do you have? Peter Petrik 09:17 AM Bug report #21958 (Closed): Problem outputting xyz tiles as MBTiles file. Free detailed maps of the entire world for your applications. It adds online sources to the QGIS Browser. You will be asked for URL, in which {x} , {y} , {z} will be replaced by the actual tile numbers according to the current map view. 1 and developed for QGIS 3. 0/ 2020-08-31T01:16:41. Exporting georeferenced images as GeoTIFFs is a good way to save and share raster layers. Look for the browser panel in the QGIS interface. qgis-xyz-tiles. Right click on XYZ Tiles and choose New Connection. 1 安装 XYZ Tiles. Public and personal XYZ space data can be loaded into QGIS for further analysis and visualization. The current version is QGIS 3. QGIS and ArcGIS Pro DEM Comparisons. It is possible to access XYZ tiles through WMS Driver by writing a special XML file understandable by GDAL. Tile images can be saved as individual images in directory structure, or as single file in MBTiles format. Each source should contain a list with the folowing items (string type): [sourcetype, title, authconfig, password, referer, url, username, zmax, zmin] You can add or remove sources from the sources section of the code. I am not anti-commercial GIS, however I do believe that all GIS professionals should have a good understanding of all their options so that they may choose the best tool for the job. Example URLs are listed at he bottom of this page. 18? I’m a QGIS beginner, I can bring up the Python Console in QGIS, but then what function do I invoke that will create an XYZ tile layer where I can specify zmin/zmax?. Adjust the maximum zoom level (19). org's map tiles, see Servers/tile. Aerial imagery can be added using core XYZ Tile Server functionality (implemented in 2018): Locate the Tile Server entry in the browser and right click it to add a new service. As the previous versions of QGIS, the software is really intended to make more spatiall analysis and management with less effort, however this version has new tricks and a new order to locate tools. QGIS提供了 Windows,Mac版本,按照官网的流程即可安装完成。 1. Expand this item to see the different map tile services you have added using QuickMapServices. 1 Go to functionality XYZ Tile Server provider. TILE_WIDTH [number] Default: 256. 18 Pete Wells (@lutraconsulting) from Lutra Consulting gave a more technical talk on some behind the scenes work that they have been doing to make using QGIS 3. Binary packages (installers) are available from this page. This is exciting because Fulcrum users can now create raster MBTile files to use within Fulcrum without needing to install any additional plugins. Copy and paste one of the TMS listed above into the URL. Zoom to an area of interest and press "Select a tileset". Tile images can be saved as individual images in directory structure, or as single file in MBTiles format. This feature was funded by Hansestadt Herford, SWK mbH, Datenbankgesellschaft mbH. Specify a custom metatile size when generating XYZ tiles. This connector is similar to the existing backends like CloudMade, Microsoft, OSM, etc. Using XYZ Tile services ¶ XYZ Tile services can be found in the XYZ Tiles top level entry in the Browser. One excellent free service for both maps, and more importantly, imagery is Microsoft’s Bing Map Services. To add connections to XYZ layers, just open browser dock widget, look for item called “Tile Server (XYZ)” and right click it to get a popup menu with “New connection” action. This plugin generates raster XYZ tiles of map canvas content. x La parte más difícil es descubrir cómo construir las URL que debemos introducir en el cuadro de diálogo «conexión XYZ». Example URLs are listed at he bottom of this page. {x}/{y} indicate which tile is loaded. May 4th, 2019. The OpenLayer Plugin for QGIS provided all my basemap layers for quite some time now. 18 dirilis, ada satu fitur yang bisa digunakan untuk menambahkan Online Basemap namanya adalah XYZ Tiles yang dapat diakses melalui browser panel QGIS (View->Panels->Browser Panel) XYZ Tiles memungkinkan kita untuk menambahkan secara manual URL link penyedia online basemap tersebut, karena biasanya berdasarkan pengalaman ada. Download the entire planet, country or even city from the provided links below and use our vector tiles to get your job done. Activate the browser panel. ## please see http. There is however an alternative: you can directly add XYZ Tile Layers to your QGIS map document. Click the Run script button on the Python Editor to execute the script. To add an XYZ Tile Layer to your map document, you must first register it with QGIS. This plugin is a stop-gap for QGIS 3. A Tile Matrix Set is a collection of tile matrices defined at different scales. In addition, parameters such as tile size and image formats are locked to whatever's globally defined in serverconfig. To add an XYZ Tile Layer to your map document, you must first register it with QGIS. If the OpenStreetMap raster tile it is not available, follow the next steps. Use this map to find a tileset. 0 earlier this year this plugin became incompatible, leaving you with two options: you either gather and compile all XYZ Tiles manually, OR run a Python Script. 15 'Pi' and was released on 14. Dentro del panel Navegador buscamos la conexión XYZ Tiles y hacemos clic con el botón derecho Añadir capas de Stamen en QGIS 3. Why move away from GDAL implementation? Here are the advantages of the approach through WMS provider: - correctly scaling tiles on high dpi display - better look when not zoomed to the native resolution of the tiles. 4 I added google maps/ satellite/ relief and they worked for 2 days but now I can't see any form of mapping through the XYZ tiles. This is a list of online raster tile servers based on OpenStreetMap data. Pastebin is a website where you can store text online for a set period of time. Xyz Tiles Qgis. For example we want to add a Google Maps layer as a basemap. By default, the OpenStreetMap XYZ Tile service is configured. Enter the URL of the service which you would like to use. Adjust the maximum zoom level (19). 15 'Pi' and was released on 14. png" (/jpeg, etc. When uploading, please package the 3D Tiles file as a ZIP. Mutipurpose Product Catalog. 8 there was new feature to generate raster XYZ layers. Choose New Connection. You can add other services that use the XYZ Tile protocol by choosing New Connection in the XYZ Tiles context menu (right-click to open). To add a basemap, use the following method: From the Browser pane on the left side of the screen, right-click on XYZ Tiles and select New Connection Type in the name of the map and enter its URL. All that in about 100 lines of code! Requirements: QGIS (for rendering) Flask (for server. Free detailed maps of the entire world for your applications. Minimum 1, maximum 4096. Openlayers basemaps. Copy and paste one of the TMS listed above into the URL. Tiles have revolutionized the idea of web mapping and has given us fast and easy access to large datasets. Just edited my question further. No doubt there are more efficient ways (this approach is pretty slow but it works), but I thought it would be fun to show how you can iterate over a raster, writing out the value of each cell into a text file (along with the centroid coordinates for that cell). But alas, that worked in QGIS 3. (Auch OSM-Karten ließen sich mit Hilfe dieses Werkzeugs hinzufügen, doch OSM haben wir ja bereits). 参考: QGIS#002 背景地図の表示 「OpenLayers Plugin」 なにか方法がないかと探してみると,XYZTilesで追加する方法がありました. この方法について紹介します. 2. Mouse right click on the newly added tile server node. Make a new connection, with right click the XYZ Tiles as in figure 1. XYZ Hub Connector is a QGIS plugin that allows users to connect and to update data directly into HERE XYZ Hub. QGIS users can easily and quickly publish their work and analysis in vectorized format to the XYZ platform. Adjust the maximum zoom level (19). Someone wrote to me asking if it would be possible to generate an XYZ ASCII file from a single band raster layer in QGIS. 107 Visionnages 4 ans. Copy and paste one of the TMS listed above into the URL. Preview of raster tiles (WMTS and XYZ layers) (yes – faster rendering for these tiles) Point on surface algorithm added; Build a website easily; For more detail about new features of QGIS 2. This video shows how to add basemaps to QGIS using XYZ Tiles. This is exciting because Fulcrum users can now create raster MBTile files to use within Fulcrum without needing to install any additional plugins. QGIS is not perfect but I believe that what it does, it does very well. With the release of QGIS 3. This is a very quick guide on adding web basemaps to QGIS 2. Since QGIS v2. The long-term repositories currently offer QGIS 3. qgisで使う場合 おしらせ QGIS2. Afortunadamente, gracias al plugin QuickMapServices, tenemos un lugar fácil de buscar: el origen de este complemento. The following is an example showing how to add Google Maps to QGIS. Dentro del panel Navegador buscamos la conexión XYZ Tiles y hacemos clic con el botón derecho Añadir capas de Stamen en QGIS 3. Your help would be much appreciated! Thanks, Dominik. But the good news is, Google provides a way to get XYZ tiles of their map service and QGIS 3 now supports XYZ tiles as well. 18 dirilis, ada satu fitur yang bisa digunakan untuk menambahkan Online Basemap namanya adalah XYZ Tiles yang dapat diakses melalui browser panel QGIS (View->Panels->Browser Panel) XYZ Tiles memungkinkan kita untuk menambahkan secara manual URL link penyedia online basemap tersebut, karena biasanya berdasarkan pengalaman ada. Next I'll go into Layer, Add Layer, and I'm going to add it from the. 0xに一発でたくさん登録できてた件. In the Browser Panel (or from the browser panel of the “Data Source Manager”), find the “XYZ Tiles” top level node, right click it and select “New Connection…”. QGIS and ArcGIS Pro DEM Comparisons. In the Browser Panel (or from the browser panel of the “Data Source Manager”), find the “XYZ Tiles” top level node, right click it and select “New Connection…”. There is however an alternative: you can directly add XYZ Tile Layers to your QGIS map document. Adjust the maximum zoom level (19). Aerial imagery can be added using core XYZ Tile Server functionality (implemented in 2018): Locate the Tile Server entry in the browser and right click it to add a new service. 0 early adopterとは QGIS3. The current version is QGIS 3. It works great on smaller rasters. Exporting georeferenced images as GeoTIFFs is a good way to save and share raster layers. To add background imagery to QGIS Version 3. In the Browser panel, mouse left-click on the Tile Server (XYZ) node. QGIS 3 has a new plugin architecture, meaning that plugins are not immediately available/compatible with this new version. Add XYZ Tiles in QGIS 3. The following topics will be covered during the workshop: Preparing QGIS project for survey: Setting up background layers for online/offline (XYZ tile, vector tiles, etc) Configuring forms. I found a tip in the Stack Exchange that you can add an OSM tiles layer with this. จากนั้น copy เอา URL ของ Google Maps Tiles เช่น. 0) and ensure your browser window is open. 0 earlier this year this plugin became incompatible, leaving you with two options: you either gather and compile all XYZ Tiles manually, OR run a Python Script. These are the xyz tile web addresses you need to make this work. Specify a custom metatile size when generating XYZ tiles. For example, at zoom level 2, when the earth is divided up into 16 tiles, each tile can be referenced by a unique x,y pair: Note that by. Eens je een verbinding legt met deze XYZ-Tiles zijn ze altijd raadpleegbaar. qgis使用技巧 # Will the There is a python script that will load in multiple xyz tiles available herehttps:. {z} sets the zoom-level for which the tile is requested. So I’m back to adding WMS layers manually. Changelog for QGIS 2. There is a new feature in QGIS for adding XYZ Tiles; this is a little better than WMS because the base map can be rendered a bit quicker. Choose New Connection. com is the number one paste tool since 2002. Basemaps can be added using XYZ Tiles. Click View > Panels > Browser Panel 3. Once you open a project in QGIS, in the Browser window to the left, scroll down to XYZ Tiles. Enter the name, for example: G Satellite. 8 and above, you do not need this plugin. Expand this item to see the different map tile services you have added using QuickMapServices. 1,it will shut down as copmpuer‘s memory grows,maybe in arcgis latest. These layer types were added as a provider back in 2. When uploading, please package the 3D Tiles file as a ZIP. This feature was funded by Hansestadt Herford, SWK mbH, Datenbankgesellschaft mbH. 0/ 2020-08-31T01:16:41. 0をインストール QGIS3. Membuat segala sesuatunya menjadi lebih baik, lebih berarti dan lebih bermanfaat. WMS and WMTS protocols are implemented in the core. There is a new feature in QGIS for adding XYZ Tiles; this is a little better than WMS because the base map can be rendered a bit quicker. The paper comes primarily from British sources. The New XYZ tile layer dialog box appears. Copy and paste one of the TMS listed above into the URL. 209 688 — Na Zábradlí Theater – visual identity. Simply tile it up and put on your server and add the address for a new XYZ tile layer (you can tile any image/raster this way). Dentro del panel Navegador buscamos la conexión XYZ Tiles y hacemos clic con el botón derecho Añadir capas de Stamen en QGIS 3. Note: for QGIS 3. It'd be useful to know what you're trying to do, though. Summary of Styles and Designs. Creating Basemaps with QTiles¶. 0 and ArcGIS Pro is that they're both very good and comparable. Basemaps can be added using XYZ Tiles. Minimum 1, maximum 20. If the OpenStreetMap raster tile it is not available, follow the next steps. But alas, that worked in QGIS 3. 15 'Pi' and was released on 14. Generete XYZ Tiles (MBTiles) #QGIS. Membuat segala sesuatunya menjadi lebih baik, lebih berarti dan lebih bermanfaat. Ajouter Durée de la vidéo :4:16. 0 ----- * Symbology : Color picker is now embedded in layer style panel * Labelling : Improved line label placement algorithm * Labelling : Substitution list support for labeling * Labelling : Label polygons using curved labels along perimeter * Rendering : Preview of raster tiles (WMTS and XYZ layers) * Rendering : Cancellable rendering of rasters (WMS, WMTS, WCS and. QGIS¶ open the shapefile in QGIS; choose Vector -> Geometry Tools -> Simplify; save the simplified data to a new XYZ space using the HERE XYZ plugin; Note that the Simplify tool works in decimal degrees, and the default is 1 degree, which is probably not what you want. retina 2 hidpi 3 xyz 8 maptiler 24 @2x 1 devicePixelRatio 1 Example of Retina / HiDPI mercator tiles (512x512px) available as XYZ. Choose Add layer. As the previous versions of QGIS, the software is really intended to make more spatiall analysis and management with less effort, however this version has new tricks and a new order to locate tools. < QGISでの表示方法 > (QGIS本P92を参考にしてください) ブラウザパネルのXYZ Tilesを右クリックして、「新しい接続」を. 在安装完成了QGIS之后,默认是没有XYZ Tiles配置的,这也表明我们没有底图文件,这样也无法完成后续的所有分析。. 1 安装 XYZ Tiles. The second way to add basemaps in QGIS is to use XYZ Tiles by connecting to a tile service. Then go to the Visibility tab and turn on/off the basemaps you want to display in the menu. To add Tile service in QGIS 3 simply, go to XYZ Tiles in the Browser panel. QGIS is not perfect but I believe that what it does, it does very well. These are the xyz tile web addresses you need to make this work. qgisで使う場合 おしらせ QGIS2. The background tiles icon opens up the browser at the XYZ tiles section. QGIS Aerial Imagery. このページでは、国土地理院が提供する地理院地図をqgis 3で表示するための設定方法を紹介しています。このページで紹介している方法は、バージョン3. XYZ Tiles and "Slippy Maps" An introduction to the components that power web mapping applications A Slippy Map is an architecture for building mapping applications on the web. Javascript tile map tutorial. The long-term repositories currently offer QGIS 3. Ada fungsionalitas inti penyedia XYZ Tile Server yang diimplementasikan dengan beberapa peningkatan UX bagus lainnya untuk layanan ubin (tersedia sejak QGIS 2. py made by Cayle Sharrock Default XYZ system is d[2] (zoom level), then d[0] (column), then d[1] (line), which gives : where d[2]. Openlayers basemaps. Your help would be much appreciated! Thanks, Dominik. https://changelog. There are many methods to create tiles from GIS datasets. A Tile Matrix Set is a collection of tile matrices defined at different scales. Raster tiles in XYZ format are. Binary packages (installers) are available from this page. Expand this item to see the different map tile services you have added using QuickMapServices. qgisでタイルを読み込むにはブラウザパネルのxyz tilesを右クリックして「新しい接続」を選択します。 そうするとxyz接続というポップアップが立ち上がるので、「url」にタイルのurl(※)、「名前」にわかりやすい名称を記載し「ok」をクリックします。. 1,it will shut down as copmpuer‘s memory grows,maybe in arcgis latest. 18, o QGIS ganhou a funcionalidade de adicionar camadas de tiles que, superficialmente falando, são imagens divididas em diversas partes e níveis de zoom e, portanto, carregam apenas a parte que o usuário está visualizando e com resolução de acordo com seu nível de zoom, o que as torna muito mais rápidas do que adicionar a imagem como um todo (ou um arquivo raster). Type in the name of the tile layer, e. This feature was funded by Hansestadt Herford, SWK mbH, Datenbankgesellschaft mbH. Tidak diperlukan plugin. 1 and developed for QGIS 3. Pokémon the Series: XY is the seventeenth season of the Pokémon anime, and the first season of the XY and XYZ series. QGIS already has a powerful rendering engine to draw vector maps, it only needs to understand the specifics of vector tiles. When I was working with D3js, I was searching on how to use TMS tiles made in Qgis with gdal2tiles. 8 there was new feature to generate raster XYZ layers. Then select a tileset and press "Zoom to tileset" or "Go to sample viewers" for sample code and other information. I found a tip in the Stack Exchange that you can add an OSM tiles layer with this. You can load the project by just dragging it. (14 Dec '18, 13:54) SK53 ♦ Your answer. QGIS 3 has a new plugin architecture, meaning that plugins are not immediately available/compatible with this new version. 일단 난 시스템 로케일을 영어로 설정해놔서 영어로 뜸. Now click on a New Connection, right-click on XYZ Tiles. 537854+00:00 These are the entries from the latest version of QGIS project. With the release of QGIS 3. Ini berarti, bahwa tidak perlu untuk plugin eksternal walaupun untuk pengaturan yang mudah Anda masih dapat menggunakan plugin eksternal (lihat bagian bawah posting ini) dan. First ,I have to use arcgis online or Portal to add xyz Tiles layers. (Auch OSM-Karten ließen sich mit Hilfe dieses Werkzeugs hinzufügen, doch OSM haben wir ja bereits). This video shows how to add basemaps to QGIS using XYZ Tiles. 8 and above, you do not need this plugin. The XYZ source accepts a tilePixelRatio option. In the Browser panel, mouse left-click on the Tile Server (XYZ) node. Someone wrote to me asking if it would be possible to generate an XYZ ASCII file from a single band raster layer in QGIS. {x}/{y} indicate which tile is loaded. x (OpenStreetMap, Google, Bing, ) usando i Tiles XYZ (Quantum GIS), il client GIS gratuito con una marcia in più. In addition, parameters such as tile size and image formats are locked to whatever's globally defined in serverconfig. qgis使用技巧 # Will the There is a python script that will load in multiple xyz tiles available herehttps:. XYZ Tiles and "Slippy Maps" An introduction to the components that power web mapping applications A Slippy Map is an architecture for building mapping applications on the web. openstreetmap. Then go to the Visibility tab and turn on/off the basemaps you want to display in the menu. QGIS is not perfect but I believe that what it does, it does very well. QGIS’e Altlık Harita (XYZ Tile) Ekleme Bağlantıları 3 Nisan 2020 13 Nisan 2020 tarihinde Onur Sefer Özbalaban tarafından yayınlandı QGIS ile hazırladığımız harika haritaları daha anlaşılır kılabilmek için kullandığımız verilerin tam olarak nerede olduklarını veya nasıl bir coğrafyada yer aldığını göstermek isteriz. 在安装完成了QGIS之后,默认是没有XYZ Tiles配置的,这也表明我们没有底图文件,这样也无法完成后续的所有分析。. 19을 켜도 좋고 뭐를 켜도 좋다. The tiles can be butt joined or overlap. We now have a Project Home Menu which will list all your QGIS project for easy loading. 14) and a mobile/tablet device. Design and host maps with OpenStreetMap vector tiles and open-source tools. Tiles are cached in a directory structure. จากนั้นคลิกขวาที่ XYZ Tiles > New Connection… 3. To add Tile service in QGIS 3 simply, go to XYZ Tiles in the Browser panel. But the good news is, Google provides a way to get XYZ tiles of their map service and QGIS 3 now supports XYZ tiles as well. I am not anti-commercial GIS, however I do believe that all GIS professionals should have a good understanding of all their options so that they may choose the best tool for the job. Browser Panel에서 XYZ Tiles를 들어간다. Example URLs are listed at he bottom of this page. 8 and above, you do not need this plugin. 4 I added google maps/ satellite/ relief and they worked for 2 days but now I can't see any form of mapping through the XYZ tiles. Ada fungsionalitas inti penyedia XYZ Tile Server yang diimplementasikan dengan beberapa peningkatan UX bagus lainnya untuk layanan ubin (tersedia sejak QGIS 2. Expand this item to see the different map tile services you have added using QuickMapServices. 8 there was new feature to generate raster XYZ layers. 3D Tiles is an open 3D model file standard, which is developed and maintained by the Cesium team. A partir da versão 2. org/{z}/{x}/{y}. To switch between the Web Mercator and NZTM tile set versions, you will need to make a new connection to a dataset. [1710] Tiles XYZ [430] Tile Cover [400] TileLayer Plugin [230] Tile Index Viewer [291] Tile Map Scale Plugin [521] TileCache Creator [2087] Layer tiles mapcanvas [1230] Vector Tiles Reader [1763] Lidar Tile Maker [1999] Lock Zoom to Tile Scale [255] QTiles [917] QOSM [719] gridSplitter [2081] MapTiler [1379] SRTM-Downloader [311] GeopapaTile. จากนั้นคลิกขวาที่ XYZ Tiles > New Connection… 3. Minimum 1, maximum 20. xyz tile addresses 3 – Open QGIS (3. Once you open a project in QGIS, in the Browser window to the left, scroll down to XYZ Tiles. This is exciting because Fulcrum users can now create raster MBTile files to use within Fulcrum without needing to install any additional plugins. The QGIS OpenStreetMap Plugin is a plugin for the desktop GIS application QGIS. Enter the name for the WMS Service fo example: Google Satellite. Caching xyz tiles at a useful low-level resolution will result in huge files and massive transfers - it's inevitable. This video shows how to add basemaps to QGIS using XYZ Tiles. The tiles can be butt joined or overlap. If you want to generate XYZ tiles, you can use the fork of gdal2tiles. What my client wants to happen is that given a particular xyz tile coordinate, I would display it using openlayers which that coordinate should be the value of the ol. QGIS-Tipp: Offline dank XYZ-Tiles Veröffentlicht am Mai 27, 2019 von geoobserver Hintergrundkarten für QGIS wurden hier schon des Öfteren thematisiert [1]/[2], einen Nachteil haben diese Lösungen alle, sie brauchen eine Netzverbindung. The following process is performed using QGIS version 2. One easy way to create tiles from your QGIS project is a plugin called QTiles. This plugin is a stop-gap for QGIS 3. Berawal dari ketiadaan, kita berpikir dan belajar untuk menciptakan. Type in the name of the tile layer, e. XYZ Tilesによる汎用地図情報の追加方法. QGISの左のウィンドウにXYZTilesがあります.. 18, this is the official download page. When you need to update your own map styling with tile function QGIS is the suitable solution to create map and export into MBTiles, But unfortunately in QGIS 3. As a side note, QGIS also has the QTiles add-on that allows one to export raster layers as MBtiles. QGIS¶ open the shapefile in QGIS; choose Vector -> Geometry Tools -> Simplify; save the simplified data to a new XYZ space using the HERE XYZ plugin; Note that the Simplify tool works in decimal degrees, and the default is 1 degree, which is probably not what you want. The easiest way to add in a basemap from the web is to use one of two plugins to add in the data for you. A partir da versão 2. When I 1st started with QGIS 3. It'd be useful to know what you're trying to do, though. The code above will query Earth Engine for an image and will add it as an XYZ tile layer to the QGIS Canvas. org/en/qgis/version/3. In the XYZ Connection window, provide a name appropriate for the service you are connecting to, Select Ok to establish the connection, and a new option should be added under XYZ Creating tiles from a QGIS map This recipe creates a set of Internet web map tiles from your QGIS map. Start up QGIS. QGIS is not perfect but I believe that what it does, it does very well. In the XZY Connection window, fill in the info and you should be good to go. Pastebin is a website where you can store text online for a set period of time. จากนั้น copy เอา URL ของ Google Maps Tiles เช่น. The second way to add basemaps in QGIS is to use XYZ Tiles by connecting to a tile service. Note: for QGIS 3. XYZ Tiles and "Slippy Maps" An introduction to the components that power web mapping applications A Slippy Map is an architecture for building mapping applications on the web. This connector is similar to the existing backends like CloudMade, Microsoft, OSM, etc. QGIS and Vector Tiles. Use this map to find a tileset. 19을 사용하는게 안정적인듯. QGISとは QGIS3. This means that it is possible for all these software tools, in theory at least, to export raster layers to MBtiles. Users will need a PC/laptop with QGIS (3. Raster tiles in XYZ format are. Miele French Door Refrigerators; Bottom Freezer Refrigerators; Integrated Columns – Refrigerator and Freezers. Click the Run script button on the Python Editor to execute the script. 3D Tiles is an open 3D model file standard, which is developed and maintained by the Cesium team. 图砖 (Tiles) 的概念让我们可以迅速并简单的存取庞大的资料库,并且带来了线上制图的革命。 以全球地图为例,此技术会在每个缩放等级把全世界分割成许多小区域 (通常是 256 x 256 块,就像砖块一样) 然后把资料库的内容预先绘制在每个图砖上。. The second way to add basemaps in QGIS is to use XYZ Tiles by connecting to a tile service. As a side note, QGIS also has the QTiles add-on that allows one to export raster layers as MBtiles. 1 安装 XYZ Tiles. Caching xyz tiles at a useful low-level resolution will result in huge files and massive transfers - it's inevitable. They are loaded on demand and at the required resolution, allowing for faster response times and reprojections. Open QGIS 2. So I'm back to adding WMS layers manually. Tiles are indexed using x,y coordinates from that origin. One excellent free service for both maps, and more importantly, imagery is Microsoft’s Bing Map Services. Pastebin is a website where you can store text online for a set period of time. We can access Bing imagery programmatically in QGIS using GDAL’s WMS capability coupled with virtual files. 1 安装 XYZ Tiles. These layer types were added as a provider back in 2. No more waiting for the base map to load as the WMS server thinks about the request – tiled services. 2을 켰지만, 사실 2. 0をインストール QGIS3. everyoneloves__top-leaderboard:empty,. My conclusion having used the same method for 3D DEM visualization in both QGIS 3. QGIS offers other ways to add online maps: if you open the Data Source Manager with this button you can choose to add WM(T)S layers. It works great on smaller rasters. Exporting georeferenced images as GeoTIFFs is a good way to save and share raster layers. Xyz Tiles Qgis. everyoneloves__bot-mid-leaderboard:empty{. For the names of the physical servers that serve openstreetmap. 0 earlier this year this plugin became incompatible, leaving you with two options: you either gather and compile all XYZ Tiles manually, OR run a Python Script. Choose Add layer. Mouse right click on the newly added tile server node. จากนั้นคลิกขวาที่ XYZ Tiles > New Connection… 3. There is however an alternative: you can directly add XYZ Tile Layers to your QGIS map document. 10 version, I had face issues with…. Choose New Connection. Download QGIS for your platform. 8 there was new feature to generate raster XYZ layers. QTiles plugin for QGISGenerate tiles from QGIS project を試してみた FOSS4G Advent Calendar 2012 FOSS4G Advent Calendar 2012 - @hcc_hh … Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. จากนั้นคลิกขวาที่ XYZ Tiles > New Connection… 3. 18: Tile server (XYZ) anche in QGIS 3. No doubt there are more efficient ways (this approach is pretty slow but it works), but I thought it would be fun to show how you can iterate over a raster, writing out the value of each cell into a text file (along with the centroid coordinates for that cell). When uploading, please package the 3D Tiles file as a ZIP. Tiles have revolutionized the idea of web mapping and has given us fast and easy access to large datasets. You can add other services that use the XYZ Tile protocol by choosing New Connection in the XYZ Tiles context menu (right-click to open). I have reinstalled, I have delete. 1 and developed for QGIS 3. 3D Tiles have good streaming efficiency in network applications and are suitable as model files in network applications. {x}/{y} indicate which tile is loaded. 0 and ArcGIS Pro is that they're both very good and comparable. Free detailed maps of the entire world for your applications. XYZ Tiles function is available in QGIS 3. py made by Cayle Sharrock Default XYZ system is d[2] (zoom level), then d[0] (column), then d[1] (line), which gives : where d[2]. From the Browser panel, expand the XYZ tiles and double-click on OpenStreetMap. The tiles can be butt joined or overlap. TILE_WIDTH [number] Default: 256. Values normally refer to the tile number form an origin point. This plugin is version 0. org/{z}/{x}/{y}. To add background imagery to QGIS Version 3. My conclusion having used the same method for 3D DEM visualization in both QGIS 3. Second,then i can add it to my application(arcmap or arcgis pro), I have to do two steps ,it's troublesome。 Third ,I don't think wmts in arcgis is very good,when I add the service to arcgis10. add/export basemaps from google or bing - QGIS 3. May 4th, 2019. Enter the name for the WMS Service fo example: Google Satellite. 3) as it only displays black terrain. The tiles can be butt joined or overlap. org/{z}/{x}/{y}. The more we zoom in, the more tiles we get. 0 ----- * Symbology : Color picker is now embedded in layer style panel * Labelling : Improved line label placement algorithm * Labelling : Substitution list support for labeling * Labelling : Label polygons using curved labels along perimeter * Rendering : Preview of raster tiles (WMTS and XYZ layers) * Rendering : Cancellable rendering of rasters (WMS, WMTS, WCS and. What my client wants to happen is that given a particular xyz tile coordinate, I would display it using openlayers which that coordinate should be the value of the ol. Right-click on XYZ Tiles and choose New Connection. You can add other services that use the XYZ Tile protocol by choosing New Connection in the XYZ Tiles context menu (right-click to open). QGIS is a desktop geographic information system, or GIS. You can load the project by just dragging it. TILE_HEIGHT. Generete XYZ Tiles (MBTiles) #QGIS. QGIS’e Altlık Harita (XYZ Tile) Ekleme Bağlantıları 3 Nisan 2020 13 Nisan 2020 tarihinde Onur Sefer Özbalaban tarafından yayınlandı QGIS ile hazırladığımız harika haritaları daha anlaşılır kılabilmek için kullandığımız verilerin tam olarak nerede olduklarını veya nasıl bir coğrafyada yer aldığını göstermek isteriz. Especially with multi-user editing of enterprise data. Copy and paste one of the TMS listed above into the URL. Ab Version QGIS 3. 1 and developed for QGIS 3. qgis使用技巧 # Will the There is a python script that will load in multiple xyz tiles available herehttps:. QGISとは QGIS3. Monday, February 24, 2020. < QGISでの表示方法 > (QGIS本P92を参考にしてください) ブラウザパネルのXYZ Tilesを右クリックして、「新しい接続」を. 04 Saber Razmjooei 05:19 PM Bug report #21958: Problem outputting xyz tiles as MBTiles file looks more like sqlite issue, which version do you have? Peter Petrik 09:17 AM Bug report #21958 (Closed): Problem outputting xyz tiles as MBTiles file. In the XYZ Connection window, provide a name appropriate for the service you are connecting to, Select Ok to establish the connection, and a new option should be added under XYZ Creating tiles from a QGIS map This recipe creates a set of Internet web map tiles from your QGIS map. Simply tile it up and put on your server and add the address for a new XYZ tile layer (you can tile any image/raster this way). KMZ is a compressed KML file which is treated like KML by Google Earth. Preview of raster tiles (WMTS and XYZ layers) (yes – faster rendering for these tiles) Point on surface algorithm added; Build a website easily; For more detail about new features of QGIS 2. While there are other options available I have found this to be one of the easiest ways to generate a MBTile layer. Of course you can do some comparisons and decide for yourself, but I think QGIS does a great job considering it is free. Add XYZ Tiles in QGIS 3. The tiles can be butt joined or overlap. 6 XYZ Tiles. The following topics will be covered during the workshop: Preparing QGIS project for survey: Setting up background layers for online/offline (XYZ tile, vector tiles, etc) Configuring forms. This plugin generates raster XYZ tiles of map canvas content. XYZ Tilesによる汎用地図情報の追加方法. QGISの左のウィンドウにXYZTilesがあります.. Your help would be much appreciated! Thanks, Dominik. Dentro del panel Navegador buscamos la conexión XYZ Tiles y hacemos clic con el botón derecho Añadir capas de Stamen en QGIS 3. But alas, that worked in QGIS 3. Download the entire planet, country or even city from the provided links below and use our vector tiles to get your job done. Pokémon the Series: XY is the seventeenth season of the Pokémon anime, and the first season of the XY and XYZ series. 05:20 PM Bug report #21958: Problem outputting xyz tiles as MBTiles file 3. WMS and WMTS protocols are implemented in the core. With the release of QGIS 3. 1,it will shut down as copmpuer‘s memory grows,maybe in arcgis latest. You will be asked for URL, in which {x} , {y} , {z} will be replaced by the actual tile numbers according to the current map view. Type in the name of the tile layer, e. The XYZ source accepts a tilePixelRatio option. (Auch OSM-Karten ließen sich mit Hilfe dieses Werkzeugs hinzufügen, doch OSM haben wir ja bereits). py made by Cayle Sharrock Default XYZ system is d[2] (zoom level), then d[0] (column), then d[1] (line), which gives : where d[2]. This plugin generates raster XYZ tiles of map canvas content. XYZ Tilesによる汎用地図情報の追加方法. QGISの左のウィンドウにXYZTilesがあります.. จากนั้น copy เอา URL ของ Google Maps Tiles เช่น. QGIS¶ open the shapefile in QGIS; choose Vector -> Geometry Tools -> Simplify; save the simplified data to a new XYZ space using the HERE XYZ plugin; Note that the Simplify tool works in decimal degrees, and the default is 1 degree, which is probably not what you want. 18 Pete Wells (@lutraconsulting) from Lutra Consulting gave a more technical talk on some behind the scenes work that they have been doing to make using QGIS 3. Xyz Tiles Qgis. 2 I add, through the XYZ Tiles tab in the browser, this U. 1 安装 XYZ Tiles. There is a new feature in QGIS for adding XYZ Tiles; this is a little better than WMS because the base map can be rendered a bit quicker. From Tuflow. Olivier, could you elaborate just a bit on how to do this in 2. 0) and ensure your browser window is open. The Google Maps layers are really Tile Map Services (TMS). 209 688 — Na Zábradlí Theater – visual identity. Monday, February 24, 2020. The easiest way to add in a basemap from the web is to use one of two plugins to add in the data for you. 6 XYZ Tiles. Note: for QGIS 3. In the XZY Connection window, fill in the info and you should be good to go. Adding Google Maps Layers in QGIS 3 Then how to add the Google Maps tile service in QGIS 3? Simply, we uses XYZ Tiles. So I'm back to adding WMS layers manually. The main goal is to have a way to load vector tiles in QGIS just like any other data source: through the browser widget, using drag'n'drop of a file to QGIS or by loading in Data Source Manager window. From Tuflow. Yes, but the data used in our some of our map tiles pre-dates the license change, so it remains CC BY SA until it's refreshed. HOW TO CONNECT AND CONSUME THE PHILIPPINE GEOPORTAL MAP SERVICE IN QGIS 1. これ。登録の方法はqgis xyz tilesとか、qgis wmsとかで検索すれば沢山情報がある。タイルの登録については、こちらのページがとても参考になる。 日本の方がよく使うタイルをQGIS3. here is no need for an external plugin, right click on XYZ tile and choose new connection,. This plugin is version 0. Now unfortunately, we cannot use the existing Tile APIs in MapGuide to render XYZ tiles because they only accept row, column and scaleindex and not a bounding box. The following topics will be covered during the workshop: Preparing QGIS project for survey: Setting up background layers for online/offline (XYZ tile, vector tiles, etc) Configuring forms. The long-term repositories currently offer QGIS 3. 0をインストール QGIS3. All that in about 100 lines of code! Requirements: QGIS (for rendering) Flask (for server. I have reinstalled, I have delete. Ada fungsionalitas inti penyedia XYZ Tile Server yang diimplementasikan dengan beberapa peningkatan UX bagus lainnya untuk layanan ubin (tersedia sejak QGIS 2. Note that QGIS projects containing EE map layers can be also saved, in this case, the code required to connect to EE is stored in a QGIS project and is used to re-initialize these layers when the project is loaded. Posts about XYZ tiles written by kichisuke10. Ada fungsionalitas inti penyedia XYZ Tile Server yang diimplementasikan dengan beberapa peningkatan UX bagus lainnya untuk layanan ubin (tersedia sejak QGIS 2. I found a tip in the Stack Exchange that you can add an OSM tiles layer with this. 2를 켜도 좋고, 2. QGIS offers other ways to add online maps: if you open the Data Source Manager with this button you can choose to add WM(T)S layers. The background tiles icon opens up the browser at the XYZ tiles section. QGISとは QGIS3. Especially with multi-user editing of enterprise data. In the XZY Connection window, fill in the info and you should be good to go. There is however an alternative: you can directly add XYZ Tile Layers to your QGIS map document. This video shows how to add basemaps to QGIS using XYZ Tiles. Post navigation. org's map tiles, see Servers/tile. (14 Dec '18, 13:54) SK53 ♦ Your answer. จากนั้น copy เอา URL ของ Google Maps Tiles เช่น. I am not anti-commercial GIS, however I do believe that all GIS professionals should have a good understanding of all their options so that they may choose the best tool for the job. There is a new feature in QGIS for adding XYZ Tiles; this is a little better than WMS because the base map can be rendered a bit quicker. จากนั้นคลิกขวาที่ XYZ Tiles > New Connection… 3. Binary packages (installers) are available from this page. Creating Basemaps with QTiles¶. Enter the URL of the service which you would like to use. 图砖 (Tiles) 的概念让我们可以迅速并简单的存取庞大的资料库,并且带来了线上制图的革命。 以全球地图为例,此技术会在每个缩放等级把全世界分割成许多小区域 (通常是 256 x 256 块,就像砖块一样) 然后把资料库的内容预先绘制在每个图砖上。. Once you open a project in QGIS, in the Browser window to the left, scroll down to XYZ Tiles. It works great on smaller rasters. Openlayers basemaps. This means that it is possible for all these software tools, in theory at least, to export raster layers to MBtiles. Free detailed maps of the entire world for your applications.
© 2006-2020